The Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec is funded by the Ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec.
Selected works from 1900 to 2000
Montréal (Québec, Canada), 1923 – L'Isle-aux-Grues (Québec, Canada), 2002
- Took drawing lessons between 1933 and 1938.
- Studied at the École Polytechnique de Montréal for two years.
- Attended the École du Meuble in 1942 and from 1944 to 1946. Was taught by Paul-Émile Borduas.
- Took architecture courses by correspondence.
Alongside his artistic career
- Experimented with the spontaneity of automatic writing under the influence of Paul-Émile Borduas in the 1940s.
- Was briefly part of the Surrealist movement in Paris in the late 1940s.
- Gradually moved away from these two artistic currents in the 1950s to explore a means of expression that would become his: lyrical abstraction.
- Is known mainly for his large-size mosaics from the 1950s—brightly coloured canvases painted using a knife.
- Experimented with various means of expression, including painting, pastel, sculpture, printmaking, collage and mixed techniques.
- In the 1990s, used spray paint and stencilling. L’Hommage à Rosa Luxemburg is the best example of this work.
- From 1945 to 1950, belonged to the Automatistes group revolving around Paul-Émile Borduas.
- Co-signed the Refus global, a manifesto drafted by Paul-Émile Borduas and published in 1948.
- His artistic career was marked by travels, which provided inspiration.
- Participated in many exhibitions the world over.
- In 1968, received an honorary doctorate from McGill University.
- Is, no doubt, the Québec painter who is best known internationally.
- In 1981, received the Paul-Émile-Borduas award. Was the first signatory of the Refus global manifesto to receive this prestigious tribute.
- Left Québec for the first time in 1946 aboard a cargo ship carrying horses.
- Developed a passion for cars, which he collected as of the 1950s.
- Loved hunting.
- Frequented numerous important artists and writers, including André Breton, Max Ernst, Franz Kline, Aimé Césaire, Antonin Artaud and Samuel Beckett.